Cataracts are usually contributed to changes of the lens in the eye that occur as we age. However, certain dispositions such as diabetes or medications can contribute to an increased risk for developing cataracts. Also, exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation (not properly protecting your eyes from exposure to the sun), suffering from nutritional deficiencies, or smoking and alcohol use, may increase ones risk of developing cataracts.
Some symptoms of cataracts are blurred or cloudy vision, light or glare sensitivity, color appearing to fade or yellow, or appearance of halos around lights. These symptoms may occur in one or both your eyes. If you experience any of these symptoms, call Gallaher Eye Care today for a cataracts evaluation. Routine eye exams are important for detecting diseases of the eyes and for minimizing the progression of the disease. Often times, a patient may not experience noticeable symptoms in the early stages of cataracts. Like any disease of the eye, early detection is key. By discovering any cataract issues early, we can help preserve your vision and health of your eyes.
During the evaluation your eye care professional at Gallaher Eye Care will consider your entire patient history as it may pertain to your eye health and a series of tests will be performed to determine whether or not you have developed cataracts, and if so, a treatment plan will be determined. The tests for detecting cataracts are visual acuity measurements, which will test how well you see at varying distances. A refraction test is used to identify any changes in your prescription needed for corrective lenses. A lens evaluation is conducted, which allows an eye care professional to see within your eye, using an instrument that provides a high magnification and illumination. Also, a retina evaluation is performed by use of dilation, which widens the pupils for a more in-depth view of your retina, the optic nerve, and surrounding blood vessels.
This is done by placing special drops in the eye that widens the pupils, allowing for full view of the retina. Eye pressure is also measured and considered part of the cataracts evaluation. Eye pressure is also measured by placing special numbing drops in the eye and a small instrument is used to detect the flow of fluid under the lens of the eye. The results of this test will determine the pressure within your eye. There are also some supplemental tests that may be performed which determine glare sensitivity and color vision ability.
Once we determine the condition of your cataracts, we can begin a treatment plan. Right now, the only long-term, effective method of treatment is surgery. Under general anesthesia, the patient’s lens of the eye is removed and replaced with an artificial lens. However, some patients may not be able to undergo the placement of an artificial lens. In this case, we will correct vision loss by use of prescription lens, either glasses or contacts. Cataracts surgery is typically an outpatient procedure, meaning you’re in and out of surgery the same day. Your eye care professional at Gallaher Eye Care can discuss the option of cataracts surgery with you and determine if you are an ideal candidate.
Some ways to help reduce your chances of developing cataracts are to first, have routine eye exams, always wear protective eyewear when outside in the sun, quit smoking, reduce your alcohol intake, maintain a healthy lifestyle by remaining active, and consuming a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
Office Hours & Info
- 8:00am - 5:00pm
- 8:00am - 6:00pm
- 8:00am - 5:00pm
- 8:00am - 6:00pm
- 8:00am - 12:00pm
- By Appointment*
*One Saturday per month.
- 401 West Main Street, Ste 101
- Lebanon, TN 37087